Market Study: Solvents (4th edition)

Introduction

Share

Solvents play a major role in industrial production: They can dissolve, dilute, and, in a very fine distribution, absorb other substances without changing them chemically. Solvents (sometimes also called dissolvents) are mainly used in the paints and varnishes, print inks, and adhesives industry but also, for example, as an ingredient of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and detergents. Substances that cause unpleasant odors, explosive vapors, as well as health and environmental damages are controversial and increasingly targeted by the legislature. Ceresana analyzed the global market for solvents already for the fourth time.

Paint Industry Looking for Alternatives

The largest consumers of solvents are manufacturers of paints and varnishes, followed at a considerable distance by producers of printing inks. Demand on the part of the pharmaceutical industry ranked third, followed by utilization in cosmetics and adhesives. Other important applications are chemical manufacturing processes, cooling circuits, dry-cleaning, and deicers. However, a trend away from solventborne products and towards more environmentally friendly alternatives based on water is prevailing in the segment paints and varnishes. This development has an inhibiting effect on demand for solvents.

Growing Demand in Asia

The industry in Asia-Pacific accounted for about 44 % of global demand in 2017. China dominated the market, followed at a considerable distance by Japan and India. The regions North America and Western Europe ranked second and third. Ceresana expects constantly high growth rates for the region Asia-Pacific. In the segments paints and varnishes, printing inks, and adhesives, this region is the major consumer. On the contrary, Western Europe and North America account for the largest demand in the segments cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.

Promising Ethers

Alcohols are the solvent type with the by far highest demand: especially ethanol, n-butanol, isopropanol, and methanol. The region Asia-Pacific is the largest consumer in the segment alcohols as well, with a demand of about 2.7 million tonnes, followed by North America. Besides alcohols, mainly ketones were utilized as solvents in 2017; but also aromatics, esters, and ethers hold significant market shares each. With an expected increase of 3.2 % per year, the group of ethers will be the fastest growing market.

The Study in Brief:

Chapter 1 is a presentation and analysis of the global solvent market – including forecasts up to 2025: For each of the seven world regions, Western Europe, Easter Europe, North America, South America, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East, and Africa, demand split by solvent types as well as revenues are examined.

Chapter 2 provides detailed data on solvent demand and revenues in 16 countries. In addition, this chapter provides in-depth information on the demand for solvents in the sectors paints and varnished, printing inks, adhesives, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals as well as in other application areas.

Chapter 3 offers a substantiated analysis of the application areas for solvents: data on demand development, split by the seven world regions. Additionally, demand per applications area is examined individually for the most important countries.

Chapter 4 takes a look at the several solvent groups: alcohols, ketones, esters, ethers, aromatics, non-aromatics as well as other solvents. The following solvent types have been analyzed separately: ethanol, n-butanol, isopropanol and methanol, acetone and methyl ethyl ketone as well as toluene.

Chapter 5 provides profiles of the largest solvent manufacturers, clearly arranged according to contact details, turnover, profit, product range, production sites, profile summary, and product base. Extensive profiles of 102 producers are given, including BP plc, Cargill Incorporated, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), ExxonMobil Chemical Company, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras), PJSC Lukoil, Royal Dutch Shell PLC, Sinopec Corp., and Total SA.

Table of Contents

1 Market Data
1.1 World
1.1.1 Demand
1.1.2 Revenues
1.2 Western Europe
1.2.1 Demand
1.2.2 Revenues
1.3 Eastern Europe
1.3.1 Demand
1.3.2 Revenues
1.4 North America
1.4.1 Demand
1.4.2 Revenues
1.5 South America
1.5.1 Demand
1.5.2 Revenues
1.6 Asia-Pacific
1.6.1 Demand
1.6.2 Revenues
1.7 Middle East
1.7.1 Demand
1.7.2 Revenues
1.8 Africa
1.8.1 Demand
1.8.2 Revenues

2 Country Profiles
2.1 Western Europe
2.1.1 France
2.1.2 Germany
2.1.3 Italy
2.1.4 Spain
2.1.5 United Kingdom
2.1.6 Other Western Europe
2.2 Eastern Europe
2.2.1 Poland
2.2.2 Russia
2.2.3 Turkey
2.2.4 Other Eastern Europe
2.3 North America
2.3.1 Canada
2.3.2 Mexico
2.3.3 USA
2.4 South America
2.4.1 Brazil
2.4.2 Other South America
2.5 Asia-Pacific
2.5.1 China
2.5.2 India
2.5.3 Japan
2.5.4 South Korea
2.5.5 Other Asia-Pacific

3 Applications
3.1 World
3.1.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.1.2 Printing Inks
3.1.3 Adhesives
3.1.4 Cosmetics
3.1.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.1.6 Other Applications
3.2 Western Europe
3.2.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.2.2 Printing Inks
3.2.3 Adhesives
3.2.4 Cosmetics
3.2.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.2.6 Other Applications
3.3 Eastern Europe
3.3.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.3.2 Printing Inks
3.3.3 Adhesives
3.3.4 Cosmetics
3.3.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.3.6 Other Applications
3.4 North America
3.4.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.4.2 Printing Inks
3.4.3 Adhesives
3.4.4 Cosmetics
3.4.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.4.6 Other Applications
3.5 South America
3.5.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.5.2 Printing Inks
3.5.3 Adhesives
3.5.4 Cosmetics
3.5.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.5.6 Other Applications
3.6 Asia-Pacific
3.6.1 Paints and Varnishes
3.6.2 Printing Inks
3.6.3 Adhesives
3.6.4 Cosmetics
3.6.5 Pharmaceuticals
3.6.6 Other Applications
3.7 Middle East
3.8 Africa

4 Products
4.1 Alcohols
4.1.1 Ethanol
4.1.2 n-Butanol
4.1.3 Isopropanol
4.1.4 Methanol
4.1.5 Other Alcohols
4.2 Ketones
4.2.1 Acetone
4.2.2 Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK)
4.2.3 Other Ketones
4.3 Esters
4.4 Ethers
4.5 Aromatics
4.5.1 Toluene
4.5.2 Other Aromatics
4.6 Non-Aromatics
4.7 Other Solvents

5 Company Profiles
5.1 Western Europe
Austria (1 Producer)
Belgium (2)
Finland (1)
France (3)
Germany (4)
Italy (1)
Norway (1)
Portugal (1)
Spain (1)
Switzerland (1)
The Netherlands (4)
United Kingdom (2)
5.2 Eastern Europe
Greece (1)
Hungary (1)
Poland (1)
Russia (4)
5.3 North America
Canada (3)
Mexico (1)
USA (21)
5.4 South America
Brazil (2)
Columbia (1)
Venezuela (1)
5.5 Asia-Pacific
Australia (1)
China (5)
Hong Kong (1)
India (5)
Indonesia (1)
Japan (13)
Malaysia (1)
Philippines (1)
South Korea (8)
Taiwan (2)
Thailand (2)
5.6 Middle East
Kazakhstan (1)
Qatar (1)
Saudi Arabia (1)
5.7 Africa
South Africa (1)

List of Graphs

Graph 1: Global demand for solvents from 2009 to 2025
Graph 2: Global demand for solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 3: Global revenues generated with solvents from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 4: Euro-reference rate between 2009 and 2017: USD per EUR
Graph 5: Global revenues generated with solvents from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD – split by regions
Graph 6: Global revenues generated with solvents from 2009 to 2025 in billion EUR – split by regions
Graph 7: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025
Graph 8: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 9: Revenues generated with solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 10: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025
Graph 11: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 12: Revenues generated with solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 13: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025
Graph 14: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 15: Revenues generated with solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 16: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025
Graph 17: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 18: Revenues generated with solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 19: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025
Graph 20: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 21: Revenues generated with solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 22: Demand for solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025
Graph 23: Demand for solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 24: Revenues generated with solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 25: Demand for solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025
Graph 26: Demand for solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Graph 27: Revenues generated with solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 28: Demand for solvents in France from 2009 to 2025
Graph 29: Revenues generated with solvents in France from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 30: Demand for solvents in Germany from 2009 to 2025
Graph 31: Revenues generated with solvents in Germany from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 32: Demand for solvents in Italy from 2009 to 2025
Graph 33: Revenues generated with solvents in Italy from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 34: Demand for solvents in Spain from 2009 to 2025
Graph 35: Revenues generated with solvents in Spain from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 36: Demand for solvents in the United Kingdom from 2009 to 2025
Graph 37: Revenues generated with solvents in the United Kingdom from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 38: Demand for solvents in Other Western Europe from 2009 to 2025
Graph 39: Revenues generated with solvents in Other Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 40: Demand for solvents in Poland from 2009 to 2025
Graph 41: Revenues generated with solvents in Poland from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 42: Demand for solvents in Russia from 2009 to 2025
Graph 43: Revenues generated with solvents in Russia from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 44: Demand for solvents in Turkey from 2009 to 2025
Graph 45: Revenues generated with solvents in Turkey from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 46: Demand for solvents in Other Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025
Graph 47: Revenues generated with solvents in Other Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 48: Demand for solvents in Canada from 2009 to 2025
Graph 49: Revenues generated with solvents in Canada from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 50: Demand for solvents in Mexico from 2009 to 2025
Graph 51: Revenues generated with solvents in Mexico from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 52: Demand for solvents in the USA from 2009 to 2025
Graph 53: Revenues generated with solvents in the USA from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 54: Demand for solvents in Brazil from 2009 to 2025
Graph 55: Revenues generated with solvents in Brazil from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 56: Demand for solvents in Other South America from 2009 to 2025
Graph 57: Revenues generated with solvents in Other South America from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 58: Demand for solvents in China from 2009 to 2025
Graph 59: Revenues generated with solvents in China from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 60: Demand for solvents in India from 2009 to 2025
Graph 61: Revenues generated with solvents in India from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 62: Demand for solvents in Japan from 2009 to 2025
Graph 63: Revenues generated with solvents in Japan from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 64: Demand for solvents in South Korea from 2009 to 2025
Graph 65: Revenues generated with solvents in South Korea from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 66: Demand for solvents in Other Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025
Graph 67: Revenues generated with solvents in Other Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD and billion EUR
Graph 68: Global demand for solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 69: Global demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 70: Global demand for solvents in the segment printing inks from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 71: Global demand for solvents in the segment adhesives from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 72: Global demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 73: Global demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 74: Global demand for solvents in other applications from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 75: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 76: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 77: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 78: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 79: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 80: Demand for solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 81: Demand for solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Graph 82: Global demand for solvents – split by types of solvents
Graph 83: Global demand for alcohols from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 84: Global demand for ketones from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 85: Global demand for esters from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 86: Global demand for ethers from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 87: Global demand for aromatics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 88: Global demand for non-aromatics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Graph 89: Global demand for other solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions

List of Tables

Table 1: Global demand for solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 2: Global revenues generated with solvents from 2009 to 2025 in billion USD – split by regions
Table 3: Global revenues generated with solvents from 2009 to 2025 in billion EUR – split by regions
Table 4: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 5: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 6: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 7: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 8: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 9: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 10: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 11: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 12: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 13: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 14: Demand for solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 15: Important manufacturers of solvents in the Middle East
Table 16: Demand for solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025 – split by solvent types
Table 17: Demand for solvents in France from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 18: Important manufacturers of solvents in France
Table 19: Demand for solvents in Germany from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 20: Important manufacturers of solvents in Germany
Table 21: Demand for solvents in Italy from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 22: Demand for solvents in Spain from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 23: Demand for solvents in the United Kingdom from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 24: Demand for solvents in Other Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 25: Important manufacturers of solvents in Other Western Europe
Table 26: Demand for solvents in Poland from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 27: Demand for solvents in Russia from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 28: Important manufacturers of solvents in Russia
Table 29: Demand for solvents in Turkey from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 30: Demand for solvents in Other Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 31: Demand for solvents in Canada from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 32: Important manufacturers of solvents in Canada
Table 33: Demand for solvents in Mexico from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 34: Demand for solvents in the USA from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 35: Important manufacturers of solvents in the USA
Table 36: Demand for solvents in Brazil from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 37: Demand for solvents in Other South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 38: Demand for solvents in China from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 39: Important manufacturers of solvents in China
Table 40: Demand for solvents in India from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 41: Important manufacturers of solvents in India
Table 42: Demand for solvents in Japan from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 43: Important manufacturers of solvents in Japan
Table 44: Demand for solvents in South Korea from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 45: Important manufacturers of solvents in South Korea
Table 46: Demand for solvents in Other Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 47: Important manufacturers of solvents in Other Asia-Pacific
Table 48: Global demand for solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 49: Global demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 50: Global demand for solvents in the segment printing inks from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 51: Global demand for solvents in the segment adhesives from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 52: Global demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 53: Global demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 54: Global demand for solvents in other applications from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 55: Demand for solvents in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 56: Demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 57: Demand for solvents in the segment printing inks in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 58: Demand for solvents in the segment adhesives in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 59: Demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 60: Demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 61: Demand for solvents in other applications in Western Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 62: Demand for solvents in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 63: Demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 64: Demand for solvents in the segment printing inks in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 65: Demand for solvents in the segment adhesives in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 66: Demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 67: Demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 68: Demand for solvents in other applications in Eastern Europe from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 69: Demand for solvents in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 70: Demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 71: Demand for solvents in the segment printing inks in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 72: Demand for solvents in the segment adhesives in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 73: Demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 74: Demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 75: Demand for solvents in other applications in North America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 76: Demand for solvents in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 77: Demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 78: Demand for solvents in the segment printing inks in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 79: Demand for solvents in the segment adhesives in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 80: Demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 81: Demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 82: Demand for solvents in other applications in South America from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 83: Demand for solvents in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 84: Demand for solvents in the segment paints and varnishes in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 85: Demand for solvents in the segment printing inks in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 86: Demand for solvents in the segment adhesives in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 87: Demand for solvents in the segment cosmetics in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 88: Demand for solvents in the segment pharmaceuticals in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 89: Demand for solvents in other applications in Asia-Pacific from 2009 to 2025 – split by major countries
Table 90: Demand for solvents in the Middle East from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 91: Demand for solvents in Africa from 2009 to 2025 – split by applications
Table 92: Global demand for solvents – split by types of solvents
Table 93: Global revenues generated with solvents in million USD – split by types of solvents
Table 94: Global demand for alcohols from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 95: Global revenues generated with alcohols in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 96: Global demand for ethanol from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 97: Global demand for n-butanol from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 98: Global demand for isopropanol from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 99: Global demand for methanol from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 100: Global demand for other alcohols from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 101: Global demand for ketones from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 102: Global revenues generated with ketones in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 103: Global demand for acetone from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 104: Global demand for MEK from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 105: Global demand for other ketones from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 106: Global demand for esters from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 107: Global revenues generated with esters in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 108: Global demand for ethers from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 109: Global revenues generated with ethers in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 110: Global demand for aromatics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 111: Global revenues generated with aromatics in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 112: Global demand for toluene from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 113: Global demand for other aromatics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 114: Global demand for non-aromatics from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 115: Global revenues generated with non-aromatics in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 116: Global demand for other solvents from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions
Table 117: Global revenues generated with other solvents in million USD from 2009 to 2025 – split by regions