Market Study: Caps and Closures - Europe

Introduction

Caps and closures are an essential part of many types of packaging and containers such as bottles, jars, ampoules, canisters, tubes, stand-up pouches and beverage cartons. Their most obvious function is to open and close, and often also to reclose packaging. But depending on the application, they are also often required to have other characteristics such as barrier or protective properties. Plastic is by far the most important material for these articles of daily use, consumed in ever greater quantities, since traditional materials like aluminum, tinplate, glass or cork are increasingly replaced. Due to e.g. their low weight and versatility in regard to applications, plastics have cost and environmental advantages, facilitate handling and manufacture, improve quality and security, and offer new opportunities for packaging design. However, this is not absolutely true for all segments. In the segment wine, for example, metal closures are experiencing a more dynamic development. This study examines the market dynamics of closures made from plastics, metal (excluding can ends for beverage cans) and cork in various applications. This market report also provides facts on the European caps and closures market, market trends, market size and market growth. Researchers at Ceresana expect European demand for closures to increase to approx. 460 billion units in 2021.

Caps and Closures: Plastic Replacing Metal In Some Segments

The market for plastic caps and closures is profiting substantially from an increasing use of packaging made of plastics, of PET-based disposable bottles in particular. Rising demand for bottled water and smaller packaging sizes as well as dispensing systems will provide important stimuli to growth in the future. Plastic containers are becoming more important, not only in the segment beverages, but also in the cosmetics and pharmaceuticals industry. Often, this increase occurs at the expense of glass containers. As plastic containers are usually used in combination with a closure made of plastic, market dynamics of the two are closely correlated. Since plastics are a general purpose material and can be used in virtually all types of packaging, the plastic closures market is not as closely linked to specific packaging products as are, e.g., crown corks to the sale of beer bottles. The quality of plastics caps is improving continuously. Thus, they gain access to segments that traditionally used other materials. Examples for this trend are the subsegments beer or liquid foodstuffs such as sauces or spreads.

General Trends Necessitating Innovations

Demographic development plays a role in some countries, in addition to an increase of unemployment rates and subsequent decline of income caused by the economic crisis that affected many industrialized countries. Moreover, governmental regulations may influence the market for certain types of beverages. Other trends such as convenience, increasing women's employment, sustainability or lightweighting also have impacts on the market for plastic containers.
Demand for technically more complex closures such as tamper-evident closures and dispensers will rise in some segments in the future. Reduction of costs and weight remains a declared goal of manufacturers. On the other hand, lighter closures still have to meet the high requirements. Due to a reduction of raw material consumption and a lower transport weight, lighter closures could contribute to achieving a higher degree of sustainability. Childproof closures are also becoming more important, especially in regard to the growth market pharmaceuticals. An increasing proportion of senior citizens in several industrialized countries draws attention to aspects such as easy opening and resealing. Also, dispenser system will have to guarantee an even better dosing and handling in this regard.

Metal Closures Gaining In The Segment Wine - But How About Cork?

Wine closures made from cork (either one-piece or agglomerated cork) were not facing serious competition for a long time. By now, however, plastic closures were becoming more and more popular. One argument against the use of natural cork has been and is a negative effect on the wine's taste (cork taint). But cork closures came a long way in this regard. The most dynamic development at the moment (aside from specialty closures such as Vino-Lok, which are not included in this study) occurs in the segment aluminum screw caps; in addition to many other positive characteristics, they also offer high consumer convenience as no cork screws are needed to open the bottle, which can also be closed again.
In some countries that are traditional large-scale producers of wine , for which specific characteristics of cork closures (e.g. exchange of oxygen) are important for afterripening, substitution of cork for plastic and metal closures proceeds much more slowly. These include Spain, Italy, France and Portugal (the key growing area of cork oaks). In other countries such as Greece and Austria, metal screw caps established themselves very quickly, leading to a rapid decline of demand for cork closures.


Market Study in Brief:

With this market study, you receive the most comprehensive and up-to-date analysis on the European caps and closures market. Thereby, Ceresana evaluates the market size, market share and market trends of this industry. Only products manufactured for a relatively short time of use and are combined with disposable articles are examined. These include:

  • Screw caps and crown corks for jars, bottles and canisters
  • Closures for cups, containers, storage tins and barrels
  • Closures for cosmetic products
  • Closures for body care product packaging (e.g. tubes, shampoo bottles)
  •  Trigger sprayers for perfumes, pharmaceuticals or household cleaning products
  • Caps for aerosols (e.g. hair spray)
  • Plugs and (synthetic) corks for wine and sparkling wine bottles

Not covered in this study are:

  • Protective covers for technical applications (covers for threads, screw heads etc.)
  • Plastics parts and O-rings for closures made of other materials (e.g. heads of heavy plop swing-top closures for beer bottles, or colored, original plastic rings for wine bottles)
  • Long-lasting lids for tough containers (e.g. Tupperware)
  • Packaging clips, inner parts of closures, like shaker, dropper or spray inserts.

Chapter 1 lists demand, production, import and export of closures for Europe as a whole as well as 21 individual countries. All numbers are in billion units. Additionally, data on import and export are further divided by the materials plastic, metal and cork.
Data on demand for closures is split by material and applications. In detail, the individual country profiles include:

  • Demand for closures split by the applications lemonades, water, fruit juices, other non-alcoholic beverages, beer, wine & spirits, food, cosmetics & pharma, and other applications.
  • Demand for plastic closures split by the applications lemonades, water, fruit juices, other non-alcoholic beverages, beer, wine & spirits, food, cosmetics & pharma, and other applications.
  • Demand for metal closures split by the applications lemonades, water, fruit juices, other non-alcoholic beverages, beer, wine & spirits, food, and cosmetics, pharma & other applications [sic].
  • Demand for cork closures split by the applications wine & spirits, food and, if applicable, other applications.

Chapter 2 provides a substantiated analysis of individual applications for closures: Data on demand development in the segments lemonades, water, fruit juices, other non-alcoholic beverages, beer, wine & spirits, food and cosmetics & pharma as well as other applications for 21 European countries is given.

Chapter 3 clearly illustrates demand for individual materials (plastics, metal, and cork), split by 21 European countries.

Chapter 4 provides profiles of the largest manufacturers, clearly arranged according to contact details, turnover, profit, product range, production sites and profile summary. Extensive profiles of 85 manufacturers are provided, including ALPLA Werke Alwin Lehner GmbH & Co KG, Amcor Flexibles Europe & Americas, Aptar Group, Berry Plastics Corporation, Crown Holdings, DS Smith PLC, Inc., Gerresheimer AG, Hoffman Neopac AG, Huhtamaki Oyi, MeadWestvaco, Rexam Plc, Reynolds Group, Riwisa AG, RPC Group Plc, Silgan Holdings.
(Note: The profiles are assigned to the country in which the company or holding is headquartered. Company profiles also include JVs and subsidiaries).

Table of Contents

1 Market Data
1.1 Europe
1.1.1 Demand
1.1.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.1.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.1.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.1.2 Production
1.2 Austria
1.2.1 Demand
1.2.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.2.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.2.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.2.2 Production and Trade
1.3 Belgium
1.3.1 Demand
1.3.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.3.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.3.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.3.2 Production and Trade
1.4 Bulgaria
1.4.1 Demand
1.4.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.4.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.4.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.4.2 Production and Trade
1.5 Czechia
1.5.1 Demand
1.5.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.5.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.5.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.5.2 Production and Trade
1.6 Finland
1.6.1 Demand
1.6.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.6.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.6.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.6.2 Production and Trade
1.7 France
1.7.1 Demand
1.7.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.7.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.7.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.7.2 Production and Trade
1.8 Germany
1.8.1 Demand
1.8.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.8.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.8.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.8.2 Production and Trade
1.9 Greece
1.9.1 Demand
1.9.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.9.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.9.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.9.2 Production and Trade
1.10 Hungary
1.10.1 Demand
1.10.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.10.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.10.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.10.2 Production and Trade
1.11 Italy
1.11.1 Demand
1.11.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.11.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.11.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.11.2 Production and Trade
1.12 Lithuania
1.12.1 Demand
1.12.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.12.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.12.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.12.2 Production and Trade
1.13 Poland
1.13.1 Demand
1.13.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.13.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.13.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.13.2 Production and Trade
1.14 Portugal
1.14.1 Demand
1.14.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.14.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.14.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.14.2 Production and Trade
1.15 Romania
1.15.1 Demand
1.15.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.15.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.15.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.15.2 Production and Trade
1.16 Russia
1.16.1 Demand
1.16.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.16.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.16.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.16.2 Production and Trade
1.17 Slovakia
1.17.1 Demand
1.17.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.17.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.17.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.17.2 Production and Trade
1.18 Spain
1.18.1 Demand
1.18.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.18.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.18.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.18.2 Production and Trade
1.19 Sweden
1.19.1 Demand
1.19.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.19.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.19.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.19.2 Production and Trade
1.20 The Netherlands
1.20.1 Demand
1.20.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.20.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.20.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.20.2 Production and Trade
1.21 Turkey
1.21.1 Demand
1.21.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.21.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.21.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.21.2 Production and Trade
1.22 United Kingdom
1.22.1 Demand
1.22.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.22.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.22.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.22.2 Production and Trade
1.23 Rest of Europe
1.23.1 Demand
1.23.1.1 Demand - Plastics
1.23.1.2 Demand - Metal
1.23.1.3 Demand - Cork
1.23.2 Production

2 Applications
2.1 Lemonades
2.1.1 Plastic Closures
2.1.2 Metal Closures
2.2 Water
2.2.1 Plastic Closures
2.2.2 Metal Closures
2.3 Fruit Juice
2.3.1 Plastic Closures
2.3.2 Metal Closures
2.4 Other Non-Alcoholic Beverages
2.4.1 Plastic Closures
2.4.2 Metal Closures
2.5 Beer
2.5.1 Plastic Closures For Beer
2.5.2 Metal Closures For Beer
2.6 Wine & Spirits
2.6.1 Plastic Closures
2.6.2 Metal Closures
2.6.3 Cork Closures
2.7 Food
2.7.1 Plastic Closures
2.7.2 Metal Closures
2.7.3 Cork Closures
2.8 Cosmetics, Pharma And Other Applications
2.8.1 Plastic Closures
2.8.2 Metal Closures

3 Materials
3.1 Plastic closures
3.2 Metal Closures
3.3 Cork Closures

4 Company Profiles
4.1 Bulgaria (1)
4.2 Finland (1)
4.3 France (9)
4.4 Germany (19)
4.5 Iceland (1)
4.6 Italy (12)
4.7 Luxembourg (1)
4.8 Norway (1)
4.9 Poland (1)
4.10 Portugal (3)
4.11 Russia (2)
4.12 Spain (4)
4.13 Sweden (3)
4.14 Switzerland (8)
4.15 The Netherlands (3)
4.16 Turkey (2)
4.17 United Kingdom (8)

List of Graphs

Graph 1: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021
Graph 2: European production of caps and closures from 2005 to 2021
Graph 3: Demand for caps and closures in Austria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 4: Production of caps and closures in Austria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 5: Import and export of caps and closures in Austria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 6: Demand for caps and closures in Belgium from 2005 to 2021
Graph 7: Production of caps and closures in Belgium from 2005 to 2021
Graph 8: Import and export of caps and closures in Belgium from 2005 to 2021
Graph 9: Demand for caps and closures in Bulgaria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 10: Production of caps and closures in Bulgaria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 11: Import and export of caps and closures in Bulgaria from 2005 to 2021
Graph 12: Demand for caps and closures in Czechia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 13: Production of caps and closures in Czechia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 14: Import and export of caps and closures in Czechia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 15: Demand for caps and closures in Finland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 16: Production of caps and closures in Finland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 17: Import and export of caps and closures in Finland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 18: Demand for caps and closures in France from 2005 to 2021
Graph 19: Production of caps and closures in France from 2005 to 2021
Graph 20: Import and export of caps and closures in France from 2005 to 2021
Graph 21: Demand for caps and closures in Germany from 2005 to 2021
Graph 22: Production of caps and closures in Germany from 2005 to 2021
Graph 23: Import and export of caps and closures in Germany from 2005 to 2021
Graph 24: Demand for caps and closures in Greece from 2005 to 2021
Graph 25: Production of caps and closures in Greece from 2005 to 2021
Graph 26: Import and export of caps and closures in Greece from 2005 to 2021
Graph 27: Demand for caps and closures in Hungary from 2005 to 2021
Graph 28: Production of caps and closures in Hungary from 2005 to 2021
Graph 29: Import and export of caps and closures in Hungary from 2005 to 2021
Graph 30: Demand for caps and closures in Italy from 2005 to 2021
Graph 31: Production of caps and closures in Italy from 2005 to 2021
Graph 32: Import and export of caps and closures in Italy from 2005 to 2021
Graph 33: Demand for caps and closures in Lithuania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 34: Production of caps and closures in Lithuania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 35: Import and export of caps and closures in Lithuania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 36: Demand for caps and closures in Poland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 37: Production of caps and closures in Poland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 38: Import and export of caps and closures in Poland from 2005 to 2021
Graph 39: Demand for caps and closures in Portugal from 2005 to 2021
Graph 40: Production of caps and closures in Portugal from 2005 to 2021
Graph 41: Import and export of caps and closures in Portugal from 2005 to 2021
Graph 42: Demand for caps and closures in Romania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 43: Production of caps and closures in Romania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 44: Import and export of caps and closures in Romania from 2005 to 2021
Graph 45: Demand for caps and closures in Russia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 46: Production of caps and closures in Russia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 47: Import and export of caps and closures in Russia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 48: Demand for caps and closures in Slovakia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 49: Production of caps and closures in Slovakia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 50: Import and export of caps and closures in Slovakia from 2005 to 2021
Graph 51: Demand for caps and closures in Spain from 2005 to 2021
Graph 52: Production of caps and closures in Spain from 2005 to 2021
Graph 53: Import and export of caps and closures in Spain from 2005 to 2021
Graph 54: Demand for caps and closures in Sweden from 2005 to 2021
Graph 55: Production of caps and closures in Sweden from 2005 to 2021
Graph 56: Import and export of caps and closures in Sweden from 2005 to 2021
Graph 57: Demand for caps and closures in the Netherlands from 2005 to 2021
Graph 58: Production of caps and closures in the Netherlands from 2005 to 2021
Graph 59: Import and export of caps and closures in the Netherlands from 2005 to 2021
Graph 60: Demand for caps and closures in Turkey from 2005 to 2021
Graph 61: Production of caps and closures in Turkey from 2005 to 2021
Graph 62: Import and export of caps and closures in Turkey from 2005 to 2021
Graph 63: Demand for caps and closures in the United Kingdom from 2005 to 2021
Graph 64: Production of caps and closures in the United Kingdom from 2005 to 2021
Graph 65: Import and export of caps and closures in the United Kingdom from 2005 to 2021
Graph 66: Demand for caps and closures in the rest of Europe from 2005 to 2021
Graph 67: Production of caps and closures in the rest of Europe from 2005 to 2021
Graph 68: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Graph 69: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by material

List of Tables

Table 1: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 2: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 3: European demand for plastic caps and closures - split by applications
Table 4: European demand for metal caps and closures - split by applications
Table 5: European demand for cork caps and closures - split by applications
Table 6: European production of caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 7: Demand for caps and closures in Austria from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 8: Demand for plastic closures in Austria - split by applications
Table 9: Demand for metal closures in Austria - split by applications
Table 10: Demand for cork closures in Austria - split by applications
Table 11: Important Austrian manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 12: Import and export of caps and closures in Austria - split by materials
Table 13: Demand for caps and closures in Belgium from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 14: Demand for plastic closures in Belgium - split by applications
Table 15: Demand for metal closures in Belgium - split by applications
Table 16: Demand for cork closures in Belgium - split by applications
Table 17: Important Belgian manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 18: Import and export of caps and closures in Belgium - split by materials
Table 19: Demand for caps and closures in Bulgaria from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 20: Demand for plastic closures in Bulgaria - split by applications
Table 21: Demand for metal closures in Bulgaria - split by applications
Table 22: Demand for cork closures in Bulgaria - split by applications
Table 23: Import and export of caps and closures in Bulgaria - split by materials
Table 24: Demand for caps and closures in Czechia from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 25: Demand for plastic closures in Czechia - split by applications
Table 26: Demand for metal closures in Czechia - split by applications
Table 27: Demand for cork closures in Czechia - split by applications
Table 28: Import and export of caps and closures in Czechia - split by materials
Table 29: Demand for caps and closures in Finland from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 30: Demand for plastic closures in Finland - split by applications
Table 31: Demand for metal closures in Finland - split by applications
Table 32: Demand for cork closures in Finland - split by applications
Table 33: Import and export of caps and closures in Finland - split by materials
Table 34: Demand for caps and closures in France from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 35: Demand for plastic closures in France from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 36: Demand for metal closures in France - split by applications
Table 37: Demand for cork closures in France - split by applications
Table 38: Important French manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 39: Import and export of caps and closures in France - split by materials
Table 40: Demand for caps and closures in Germany from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 41: Demand for plastic closures in Germany - split by applications
Table 42: Demand for metal closures in Germany - split by applications
Table 43: Demand for cork closures in Germany - split by applications
Table 44: Important German manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 45: Import and export of caps and closures in Germany - split by materials
Table 46: Demand for caps and closures in Greece from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 47: Demand for plastic closures in Greece - split by applications
Table 48: Demand for metal closures in Greece - split by applications
Table 49: Demand for cork closures in Greece - split by applications
Table 50: Import and export of caps and closures in Greece - split by materials
Table 51: Demand for caps and closures in Hungary from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 52: Demand for plastic closures in Hungary - split by applications
Table 53: Demand for metal closures in Hungary - split by applications
Table 54: Demand for cork closures in Hungary - split by applications
Table 55: Import and export of caps and closures in Hungary - split by materials
Table 56: Demand for caps and closures in Italy from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 57: Demand for plastic closures in Italy from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 58: Demand for metal closures in Italy - split by applications
Table 59: Demand for cork closures in Italy - split by applications
Table 60: Important Italian manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 61: Import and export of caps and closures in Italy - split by materials
Table 62: Demand for caps and closures in Lithuania from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 63: Demand for plastic closures in Lithuania - split by applications
Table 64: Demand for metal closures in Lithuania - split by applications
Table 65: Demand for cork closures in Lithuania - split by applications
Table 66: Import and export of caps and closures in Lithuania - split by materials
Table 67: Demand for caps and closures in Poland from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 68: Demand for plastic closures in Poland - split by applications
Table 69: Demand for metal closures in Poland - split by applications
Table 70: Demand for cork closures in Poland - split by applications
Table 71: Import and export of caps and closures in Poland - split by materials
Table 72: Demand for caps and closures in Portugal from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 73: Demand for plastic closures in Portugal - split by applications
Table 74: Demand for metal closures in Portugal - split by applications
Table 75: Demand for cork closures in Portugal - split by applications
Table 76: Important Portuguese manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 77: Import and export of caps and closures in Portugal - split by materials
Table 78: Demand for caps and closures in Romania from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 79: Demand for plastic closures in Romania - split by applications
Table 80: Demand for metal closures in Romania - split by applications
Table 81: Demand for cork closures in Romania - split by applications
Table 82: Import and export of caps and closures in Romania - split by materials
Table 83: Demand for caps and closures in Russia from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 84: Demand for plastic closures in Russia - split by applications
Table 85: Demand for metal closures in Russia - split by applications
Table 86: Demand for cork closures in Russia - split by applications
Table 87: Import and export of caps and closures in Russia - split by materials
Table 88: Demand for caps and closures in Slovakia from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 89: Demand for plastic closures in Slovakia - split by applications
Table 90: Demand for metal closures in Slovakia - split by applications
Table 91: Demand for cork closures in Slovakia - split by applications
Table 92: Import and export of caps and closures in Slovakia - split by materials
Table 93: Demand for caps and closures in Spain from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 94: Demand for plastic closures in Spain from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 95: Demand for metal closures in Spain - split by applications
Table 96: Demand for cork closures in Spain - split by applications
Table 97: Important Spanish manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 98: Import and export of caps and closures in Spain - split by materials
Table 99: Demand for caps and closures in Sweden from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 100: Demand for plastic closures in Sweden - split by applications
Table 101: Demand for metal closures in Sweden - split by applications
Table 102: Demand for cork closures in Sweden - split by applications
Table 103: Important Swedish manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 104: Import and export of caps and closures in Sweden - split by materials
Table 105: Demand for caps and closures in the Netherlands from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 106: Demand for plastic closures in the Netherlands - split by applications
Table 107: Demand for metal closures in the Netherlands - split by applications
Table 108: Demand for cork closures in the Netherlands - split by applications
Table 109: Important Dutch manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 110: Import and export of caps and closures in the Netherlands - split by materials
Table 111: Demand for caps and closures in Turkey from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 112: Demand for plastic closures in Turkey - split by applications
Table 113: Demand for metal closures in Turkey - split by applications
Table 114: Demand for cork closures in Turkey - split by applications
Table 115: Important Turkish manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 116: Import and export of caps and closures in Turkey - split by materials
Table 117: Demand for caps and closures in the United Kingdom from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 118: Demand for plastic closures in the United Kingdom from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 119: Demand for metal closures in the United Kingdom - split by applications
Table 120: Demand for cork closures in the United Kingdom - split by applications
Table 121: Important British manufacturers of caps and closures
Table 122: Import and export of caps and closures in the United Kingdom - split by materials
Table 123: Demand for caps and closures in the rest of Europe from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 124: Demand for plastic closures in rest of Europe from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 125: Demand for metal closures in the rest of Europe - split by applications
Table 126: Demand for cork closures in the rest of Europe - split by applications
Table 127: Important manufacturers of caps and closures in the rest of Europe
Table 128: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by applications
Table 129: European demand for caps and closures in lemonades from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 130: European demand for plastic closures in lemonades from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 131: European demand for metal closures in lemonades from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 132: European demand for caps and closures in water from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 133: European demand for plastic closures in water from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 134: European demand for metal closures in water from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 135: European demand for caps and closures in fruit juices 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 136: European demand for plastic closures in fruit juices from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 137: European demand for metal closures in fruit juices from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 138: European demand for caps and closures in other non-alcoholic beverages from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 139: European demand for plastic closures in other non-alcoholic beverages from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 140: European demand for metal closures in other non-alcoholic beverages from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 141: European demand for caps and closures in beer from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 142: European demand for plastic closures in beer from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 143: European demand for metal closures in beer from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 144: European demand for caps and closures in wine & spirits from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 145: European demand for plastic closures in wine & spirits from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 146: European demand for metal closures in wine & spirits 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 147: European demand for cork closures in wine & spirits 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 148: European demand for caps and closures in food from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 149: European demand for plastic closures in food from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 150: European demand for metal closures in food from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 151: European demand for cork closures in food from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 152: European demand for caps and closures in cosmetics & pharma from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 153: European demand for caps and closures in other applications from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 154: European demand for plastic closures in cosmetics & pharma from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 155: European demand for plastic closures in other applications from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 156: European demand for metal closures in cosmetics, pharma & other applications from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 157: European demand for caps and closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by material
Table 158: European demand for plastic closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 159: European demand for metal closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries
Table 160: European demand for cork closures from 2005 to 2021 - split by major countries